Periodontal disease is an infection around the teeth involving the gums and underlying jaw bone. At our practice, we aim to treat and prevent periodontal (gum) disease with regular follow-up and cleaning appointments. Periodontal disease is a dangerous disease that can lead to more serious problems if left untreated. If it has been a while since you have had your teeth cleaned or you are suffering from pain or discomfort, please call us soon and schedule your next appointment with Dr. Regan or one of our hygienists. We can help you get back to optimal oral health.
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease, where bacteria enters the gums and cause the gums to become inflamed, irritated, and to bleed. When gingivitis is left untreated, the condition becomes worse and more noticeable symptoms start to appear, including: Gum sensitivity to acidic foods, bad breath, recession of the gums, or even tooth pain, abscesses, and tooth loss,
Periodontal (gum) disease is dangerous and insidious. It is an infection of the gums that starts out as plaque, a white film on the teeth that hardens to form tartar. As tartar accumulates, it harbors bacteria that attack the soft tissue around the gums. This is the early stage of gum disease known as Gingivitis. Left untreated, Gingivitis becomes Periodontitis which ultimately destroys the tissue surrounding your teeth AND the bone that holds your teeth in place. Except for bad breath and gums that bleed, there are very few early warning signals. The disease advances silently, often without pain, and before you know it, you are losing your teeth and you don’t know why.
Tooth loss is only the most obvious indicator of gum disease. Scientific research has discovered linkage between gum disease and stroke, heart disease, diabetes – even an increased risk for pregnant women and the unborn child. When your gums become diseased, your entire immune system is weakened.
Having your teeth professionally cleaned on a regular schedule is essential to maintaining optimal oral health. It is impossible for a patient to remove tarter themselves. Furthermore, we know some very bad bacterial can reestablish themselves under your gums in about 90 days. A regular cleaning appointment also allows for oral cancer screening, cavity check-ups, x-rays and much more. We can also help you establish a dental hygiene routine that will keep your teeth healthy and white. PREVENTION IS ALWAYS THE BEST TREATMENT. If you have any questions about your hygiene plan please ask us.
Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)
Our office offers two non-surgical deep cleaning procedures, scaling and root planing, to ensure your safety and health. Scaling involves removing tartar from the surface of the tooth while root planing is the process of smoothing the root’s surfaces and removing infected tooth structure. Scaling and root planing help fight against gingivitis, which is the first stage of gum disease. Scaling and root planing may also help fight against bad breath, one of the symptoms of gum disease. Please call our office today and schedule your next appointment to prevent gum disease and achieve optimal oral health.
1. Cosmetic Periodontal Surgery
If you are looking for a way to improve the beauty of your smile, cosmetic periodontal surgery may be right for you. Periodontal surgery is an effective treatment option for those who are looking to get rid of their “gummy” smiles or who wish to correct elongated teeth or an uneven gum line.
Furthermore, the gum line will be made even and proportionate to the amount of exposed tooth, whether that means reducing the amount of gums or adding to the gum line through soft tissue grafts. In addition, gum grafts can also help reduce the gum pockets that could be prone to periodontal disease.
Please call us today and schedule a cosmetic consultation with Dr. Regan.
2. Surgery to treat periodontal disease
Advanced periodontal disease with deep gum pickets often requires a surgical procedure to thoroughly clean the roots, eliminate gum pockets, reshape diseased bony contours and provide access to bony defects for reconstructive bone grafts. Treatment of this type is highly individualized. Please call us today and schedule a consultation with Dr. Regan.
Guided Tissue Regeneration(GTR)/Bone Grafting
The regeneration of lost bone support has been the quest of periodontal therapy for years. Recent research has advanced the predictability of these procedures in selective situations. Again, this type of treatment is highly individualized and only undertaken after consultation with Dr. Regan.
Gum Recession and Gum Grafting
Receding, or shrinking, gums from around one or all of your teeth can occur with the advancement of age, clenching, aggressive tooth brushing or periodontal disease. A soft tissue graft is used when there has been a significant amount of gum recession in a particular area. Slight gum recession may require a few changes to your oral hygiene routine to take better care of your teeth and gums. When the gingiva recedes further it exposes you to greater risk for infection and bacterial penetration. You will likely be more sensitive to hot and cold foods when you have receding gums. If the gums recede enough as to expose the root you can set yourself up for more serious problems. The root is softer than the enamel making it more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque.
To restore proper gum level and functionality a soft tissue graft can be performed. This is done by either removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth, or repositioning healthy gum tissue from adjacent teeth. This procedure should be performed before more serious problems develop and periodontal surgery is necessary.
Bite Adjustment (Occlusal Equilibration)
If you experience soreness in the jaws, Temporal Mandibular Joint (TMJ) pain, migraine headaches, sore neck and shoulder muscles, clenching or grinding or if your jaws tend to feel lopsided when you bite, you may be a candidate for a bite (occlusal) adjustment. An occlusal adjustment will correct the bite’s alignment and eliminate irregular pressure. Bite misalignment is often the result of shifting, loose, crowded, and/or missing teeth. We invite you to give our office a call today to learn more about occlusal adjustments and how to improve your bite. We’ll be happy to answer any questions you may have.
Cavities can decay or fracture a tooth to the point where restoration is virtually impossible without a procedure called crown lengthening. Crown lengthening is a routine surgical procedure, which remodels the contour of the gum line and gives us more tooth on which to place a restoration. The procedure does not actually lengthen the crown, but rather lowers the gum line. When there is not enough tooth structure to affix a crown, this is one option.
Splinting of Weak Teeth
Teeth that are constantly moving are soon lost. Furthermore, having loose teeth can be uncomfortable and awkward, especially when you try to chew or eat. Teeth can become loose for a variety of reasons, including loss of bone, orthodontic treatment, tooth misalignment, or injury. Using a modern technique called “periodontal splinting,” your weak teeth can be splinted together. This creates a single, stable, and strong unit. Often performed on the front teeth, periodontal splinting usually requires composite material to splint the loose teeth to the stable teeth.
Periodontal splinting is an effective, safe method for restoring strength to your teeth. For more information on periodontal splinting or your other treatment options, please call our Huntington, IN dental practice soon and schedule your next consultation.
Fighting infection where it starts ARESTIN® (minocycline hydrochloride) Microspheres, 1 mg is an effective antibiotic treatment that comes in powder form. This powder is placed inside infected periodontal pockets just after the dental professional finishes the scaling and root planing (SRP) procedure. Research has shown that Arestin reduces pocket depth.